Mit ‘Congo’ getaggte Beiträge


Here are the links to the English written contributions and those including an English version existing yet:

About me:

Hottest Topics:

Oscar and the US – The Mask Is Slipping Off Again!

Nine Eleven and the Neocons: Finally Doing the Trick?”:

Only ISIS is Barbaric? Burning People Alive!

After Charlie Hebdo: Journalists And Cartoonists, If You Want To Be Brave, Here Are Some Cartoons You Could Spread!”

Mary´s Mosaic”, Looking into an Abyss, Part II:

Looking into an abyss: „Ebola: Pandora´s Box Opened Since Long?“

The Big Competition: ISIS versus US Power Elite!“:

USA and Israel, the Helpless Giant and his Mad Dog: are there mor dirty secrets?

 „African Struggles for Social Justice, Freedom and Democracy in Perspective, Reflected in a Series of Articles“:

Rwanda twenty years ago:

List of my Articles on the USA:

Malaysian Flight MH 370:


Africa Under Attack:

The Fire Brigade is coming to Africa”:

Fuck the EU”: The Russian Bear Hits Back!

Mandela: Another of South Africa´s Heroes Dead!“

Assassination of JFK:

Nine Eleven a Dozen Years ago – Stirred it the Third World War?”

Big Brother: Caught Red Handed?:

Arafat & Litvinenko:

Obama and the Neocons:

Egyptian Addition to: “US PowerElite: At War
Among Themselves?”:

Snowden, Putin and the US Russian „Partnership“: some legitimate Speculations”:

Trayvon Martin: US Justice – RIP:

US Americans: 4th of July – for You and for the World – I Cry!”

US Government: Hubris

Africa 50 Years ago: Foundation of OAU:

The Hidden Seed of Racism:

D-Day shouldn´t be forgotten:

Staging a New Bogeyman for Colonial Wars?


President Obama playing the “Super-Zionist”:

Habemus Papam”: A Cover Up?!:

On the death of Hugo Chavez:

Congo and Western crimes:

Happy New Year?:

US Power Elite: At War Among Themselves?”:

Psychological Operations against the Truth:

Israel & Palestine:

Strange things around the Green Card:

US and Obama:

Nine Eleven:


More articles:

on the death of Chinua Achebe:

Islamism and Anti-Imperialism:

My own little Art work:

Just what it is called:

Brilliant young artist from Nigeria:

Book recommendation (must read!):

Norway, Breivik & Terrorism:

Also what it´s called:

Israel, the US & Imperialism:

First “advanced Civilization” in the Americas:

A serious joke:

Israel and the Two State Solution:

Obama, US power elite, Israel lobby & Israel:

Vigilant poem on Africa:

Reality of Israel´s occupation policy:

Obama, “Change” & Kennedy:

The forgotten struggle of West Papua and neocolonialism:

Kennedy´s assassination in a clearer light:

Swiss historian Daniele Ganser & Nine Eleven:

Troy Davis:

on Evolution:

Andreas Schlüter


These two articles are also concerning Africa!

  1. An Existential Question and two very Different Answers“:

2. “2020: The State of Affairs”:

To the broad European Section of the Western public Africa´s sad situation comes mostly into view with the refugees trying to escape from the inflicted misery over the Mediteranian:

After US, GB and France destroyed Libya, hell broke out in Libya: Libyan Slavery: a Day of Fury in Berlin!”:

Myths must be fought and truth spread:

Rwanda: Untold Stories Against Imperial Myths”:

More Terror in Central Africa?

Africa: Crisis in Burundi? What´s Behind the Whole Turmoil?”:

And Kagame followers use Terror:

Tweeting in Kagame-Style: a Rwandan Going Rampant on Twitter and Speaking out a Death Treat!”:

Is Partnership with the West for Africa really possible?

G20 Africa-Partnership-Conference – Some Questions also Concerning Paul Kagame”:

In deed as much as the „war against Africa“ is directed by the US, France is still benefitting a lot!

Colonialism Alive and Well, Better Say as Bad as Ever! Part 1”:

In deed Africa and other Non-Western parts of the World are under attack: “US Power Elite Declared War on the Southern Hemisphere, East Asia and all Non-Western Countries in September 2000”:

Concerning Africa to a great extend, A Reminder: Neocon Think Tanks and Fascism”:

Independence was from the beginning combined with the dream of African Unity by the great visionaries:

There are people speaking out about Imperialism:

And Independence was sabotaged from the beginning by the West, especially by the US Power Elite:

This US Power Elite treats Africa in a way that claims millions of African lifes:

Looking into an abyss: „Ebola: Pandora´s Box Opened Since Long?“

& Zika Virus and a Strange Case”:

The perverse and distorted presentation of the tragedies is then used for playing the „Fire Brigade“:

African visionaries whom they can not corrupt will be eliminated:

Or they´ll be mispresented to world public and converted into their own caricature:

Likewise African critics will be silenced by the „Empire´s“ henchmen:

Also civil movements and their successes will be perverted or become the playing ground for conflicts within the US Power Elite:

After all the war waged on the Southern Hemisphere and particularly Africa is many times based on the fear for „Terrorism“:

At the core of this war of terror, falsely called „War on Terror“ stands „Nine Eleven“, that incident which appeares to those deeply studying the details rather as an „Inside Job“:

And after the end of Bush´s presidency the hoax of „Change“ and the „Black President“ Obama was a trick to befuddle Africa with the dream of a „friendly Empire“:

Great visionaries and political leaders either killed, or demonized, or at least mispresented, what´s conceded to Africa are just people of the arts like great musicians or literature, who indeed have deserved it to be honoured:

And Africa´s Sisters and Brothers in the Pacific and Sout East Asia are struggling as well :

& Colonialism Alive and Well, Better Say as Bad as Ever! Part 3: Proxy Colonialism in West Papua”:

In this cruel game on Africa European countries are willing vassals of „Big Brother“ but the biggest hindrance to social justice, freedom, democracy and souvereignity, to real development and progress is presented by the US Power Elite:

And the US Power Elite is in fact regarding the whole world as their colony!

One Thing Must be Clear to the World: The US Power Elite Regards the Whole Globe as Their Colony!“:

Andreas Schlüter

Also a continuation of:

Crimes on Congo, Part 1, “From Destruction to Destroyed Independence”


On Monday 7th of April the commemorations on the „Genocide“ in Rwanda took place. Putting Genocide in quotation marks might give me the smell of a „denier“ of unspeakable human sufferings, but continuing to read this article with an open mind will drive that smell away.

Yes, twenty years ago something terrible happened in Rwanda and unspeakable crimes were perpetrated on hundred thousands of innocent people. But when people speak of the „Genocide“ in Rwanda they always mean genocide on the Tutsi! Yes, social divisions errupted into a monumental slaughter, not by itself but by an invasion and a terrorist shooting down of a plane! And additionally to 280,000 Tutsi victims there where about 750,000 Hutu victims to be mourned.



Like all continents Africa – the more as it is the cradle of Mankind – has its history of peoples migrations. Many regions saw a mixing but also superimpositions by very different ethnic entities and different economic systems, such is the case with the Central African Inter-Lake region, i. e. Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. The oldest identifiable ethnicity are the Twa, a group of short statured hunters and gatherers. Since more than 3,000 years Bantu speaking agriculturists immigrated into the region, by and large constituting the Hutu. During the 14th Century cattle nomads came, the Tutsi, establishing feudal empires (Nomads being used to competition over water and grazing grounds were always nearer to the art of war and thus dominated often when confronted with agriculturists). Like the Twa they adopted the language of the Hutu. In case of mixed marriages the children belonged to the fatherly group. Feudalism grew even more repressive under colonialism. The Germans supplemented the division between the tall and more sharp nosed Tutsi on one side and the Hutu on the other side by a racist concept ascribing „racial superiority“ to the Tutsi, a concept which was taken over by the Belgians. Though the division had become more and more a social one instead of a physical one the racist concept pleased the onliving claim for power of the Tutsi aristocracy.

Decolonization: End of the Monarchy, „One Man, One Vote“

Under German and Belgian colonial rule the two Tutsi kingdoms Rwanda and Burundi were administered together as Ruanda-Urundi. In 1956 Ruanda gained Autonomy. In 1961 rising tensions forced a referendum whether Monarchy should last. This resulted in Ruanda gaining independence as a Republic in 1962 which ended the dominance of the Tutsi (13%). The loss of power frustrated the Tutsi nobility and made many leave the country and moving to Uganda.

Similar tensions grew higher in Burundi resulting in a massacre in 1972 on the Hutu majority leaving about 250,000 of them dead. Coups and assassinations accompanied the further conflicts. 1993 a Hutu, Melchior Ndadaye, was elected President but murdered in October by Tutsi soldiers. He was followed by Cyprien Ntaryamira who was elected by the Parliament. Nobody has called the mass killing of Hutu in Burundi in 1972 a genocide!

In Rwanda the Minister of Defence, Juvénal Habyarimana, seized power from his cousin Grégoire Kayibanda in 1973. The country regained some stability.

The Invasion

But the Tutsi aristocracy was making plans to restore its rule in Rwanda. Many of them had joined the Ugandan armed forces. They formed the „Rwandese Patriotic Front“ (RPF) in 1987. Decicive in this development was Paul Kagame, member of the Tutsi aristocracy and head of the Ugandan Secret Service. His final „polishing“ he got in the USA in the Command and Staff College in Fort Leavenworth:

To be rightfully called a US agent ( he was part of a first attempt to invade and reestablish Tutsi reign in Rwanda by the RPF and Ugandan forces in 1990. Though leaving many people dead and spreading terror in the North of Rwanda and initiating streams of refugees they were thrown back by the Rwandan Forces (with French assistance, France wasn´t yet integrated in the US strategy and following its own interest). But a brutal guerilla warfare mostly against the rural Hutu people was continued by the RPF. The efforts to end the conflict resulted in the Arusha accords. There are tendencies to smear Habyarimana with having sabotaged it. The former German diplomat Helmut Strizek demonstrates in his book „Clinton am Kivu-See“ ( how baseless those accusations are.

The Beheading of two States

It was the RPF resorting to bloody violence again and starting another invasion. This step was accompanied by the shooting down of the plane with the Rwandan President Habyarimana and the Burundian President Ntaryamira on the 6th of April 1994. There is plenty of evidence that this was done by the RPF with support from the US and the Ugandan president Museweni as Strizek and others show. The war of aggression waged by the RPF did not only cost many Hutu lifes but provoked also violence against many Tutsi being suspected of collaborating with the invaders. No doubt that terrible crimes were also committed on innocent Tutsi. But there is evidence that agent provocateurs of the RPF were pushing those atrocities. One should imagine a fascist white organization trying to reestablish Apartheid in South Africa. Surely the masses would run wild from fear.

Who were the victims?

But the majority of the victims were not Tutsi. After all Strizek and others estimate the relation of Tutsi victims to Hutu victims of 280,000 to about 750,000 (Strizek 2011, p. 148). But the RPF had a „trick“: they counted who ever they could as Tutsi, where this wasn´t possible the victims were counted as „moderate Hutu“ slaughtered by „Hutu extremists“.


From Genocide to Genocide

With the victory of the RPF in Rwanda the slaughter didn´t end at all. Many more Hutu were butchered. Hundred thousands of them had fled to those day Zaïre (now Democratic Republic of the Congo ). Congo had a terrible history of colonial murders and plunder ( After having killed the visionary Lumumba they´d installed their puppet Mobutu Sese Seko who by the time run “out of order” and ruined the country so far that even the exploitation of its resources became difficult for the West. Portraying the refugees as a threat the RPF-Rwanda and Uganda invaded Zaire, the RPF installing Laurent-Désiré Kabila as the new head of Congo in 1997 in the socalled First Congo War. But Kabila remembered that he´s Congolese and demanded that foreign troups should leave the country and revised a number of agreements. Rwanda created a new rebel military movement called the Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie (RCD) to fight Kabila, Uganda formed a new rebel movement called the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC), headed by the Congolese warlord Jean-Pierre Bemba thus starting the Second Congo War. Angolan, Zimbabwean and Namibian military supported the central government of Kabila. Hundreds of thousands Hutu refugees were butchered by Rwandese forces. But the bulk of the victims were Congolese. In 2001 Laurent Kabila was assassinated under strange circumstances ( His son Joseph Kabila followed him and brought in direct “international” involvement, the MONUC, now known as MONUSCO, African armies exept the Rwandan had left the country by June 2003. Direct Western presence was established. How far elections in 2006 and 2011 (wich left Kabila in office) can rightfully be called true elections is questionable. Questionable is also whether the conservatives estimations of the up to 5,400,000 victims are “sufficient”. According to the International Rescue Commitee only up to 2004 up to 3,900,000 people died in Congo ( It appears realistic to number the victims until today to the extend of those having died under King Leopold II of Belgium, 8 to 10 million! This is a true Genocide on the Congolese people organized by the Kagame regime and its US backers!

the-heart-of-africa 001 (2)

Colonialism in Congo is Back!

Much of the situation in Congo reminds of China before its revolution, since no one can talk of a souvereign country. There is no perspective and security for its inhabitants. Western countries and local neighbours (in this case mostly acting on behalf of the West) are plundering the rich resources (Coltan for computers, copper, Uranium, Diamonds and Gold). Rwanda´s Kagame regime is using “rebel organizations” like the March 23 Movement headed by warlords to organize slave labor for the extraction and channeling the riches through its own country, creating a pseudo boom at the price of the destruction of Africa´s heart, the Congo!

Another misuse of the Holocaust

Since long Western politicians are misusing the unbelievable German crimes as a legitimation for more crimes. Israel´s racist and colonialist occupation policy claims to prevent another Holocaust, with massive backing especially by the US. And that worked to a certain extend since even some leftist movements are befuddled by such claims. Those forces did a lot to split anti-racist, anti-imperialist and anti-capitalist movements. Western mainstream media run high in propaganda and “rewriting” History, reducing Orwell´s “1984” almost into a good night story.

Whenever anti-imperialist movements were talking about Fascism in Western actions those forces were denouncing them as relativating Nazism. But no problem for Western politicians to equate unloved personalities of opposing states to Hitler, covering their wars of aggression as some sort of repetition of the Second World War. In fact the Rwanda “Genocide” was the “Masterpiece” of the US Power Elite. They pushed the powerthirsty Tutsi aristocracy to a war of aggression, leading to about a million dead people, claimed it to be the attempted genocide on the Tutsi and declared Kagame and his military bandits of the RPF to be the saints saving the Tutsi within Rwanda (for whom in reality they didn´t care at all).

The next step was to declare the Tutsi the “Jews of Africa”, a comparison so far from historical reality that one would have to laugh if the case wouldn´t be that sad! Some French “Revisionists” even went so far as to dubb the Hutu forces trying to resist the RPF invasion to be part of a “Nazisme Tropical” (Jean-Pierre Chrètien in Libération on 26th April 1994). A ready made plan of the Habyarimana government to extinct the whole Tutsi population was constructed by Western ideologists. Germans might have felt strange relief, “we´re not the only ones”, Westerners in general were attracted by old colonial stereotypes: those African barbarians have to be saved from their savage emotions, the white man has to save Africa from itself! Also the onliving racist concepts of the “noble Tutsi” might have done their part, not to forget Hollywood productions like “Hotel Rwanda “. But many times the polititians found more tactful expressions, “the international community”, those clinging to “Western values” have to do the job (of savin Africa)! And the bourgeois concept about Fascism was revived, portraying Fascism not as a means of capitalist policy under pressure in order to disciplin the workers, but claiming it to be a tendency of the dump masses, envying the wealthy people and getting hysterical.

For those who wanted to see, it became soon clear, the Conglese resources were the aim. But having established the concept of the African Holocaust, the Tutsi turned into the Jews of Africa, thus turning Kagame´s RPF-Rwanda into Africa´s Israel, who would dare to contradict in the World´s diplomatic discussions?!

kagame-meets-genocidaire-no-oneEvery morning President Kagame meets the Genocidaire No One!

Mourning the Dead

Indeed mankind has to mourn about a million of dead people in Rwanda, many of them innocent Tutsi. But we shouldn´t allow political gangsters to misuse the innocent Tutsi victims to cover the majority of the the Hutu victims and also not allow them to be misused to cover 8 to 10 million dead Congolese! We should mourn the victims of the Congolese Genocide as well. And the evil doers are Clinton, Albright, Museveni and last not least Kagame and their RPF gangs!


Kagame and his entourage are the products of US Power Elite´s socalled “Soft Power Fraction” ( and their executive force, the Clinton administration of those days. He is clever enough to remeber Mobutu´s fate and to know that US agents are not safe forever. Having committed so many crimes which can not all be hidden forever from world public he´s preparing to build a “life boat” just building and strenghening ties also to the Neocons via AIPAC (

Andreas Schlüter


Charles Onana on the Shooting down of the plane:

Robin Philpot on Rwanda:

Rwanda, the untold story:

Interview Ann Garrison:

Burundi 1973:

Ruanda & Burundi, Dr. Helmut Strizek:

Burundi & Rwanda:,_2011

My Articles on Africa:


 the pyromanic Fire Fighters


Check the countries with wars and crisis one by one, all full of Minerals and Oil!

See also:

US AFRICOM, Fuck off:

But, it´s not only Africa, but also Middle East, South East Asia – and East Europe, where these „Fire Fighters“ are active!

And in Germany socalled „Social Democrats“ with Frank Walter Steinmeier (Frankensteinmeier) ahead are on the Train!

Andreas Schlüter


Seasons Greetings, or for that, merry X-mas to my readers! But, please, don´t forget those many victims of Western wars and greed behind candle light and comfort!

Colonial wars are still going on in Congo, West Papua, Palestine, Afghanistan, Libya, Mali, Central African Republik, Syria and many places more! When you buy new mobiles and other electronic devices, dont´t forget that the blood of millions of Congolese people  is smeared on their interior! Under the leadership of the US Power Elite the West is waging a War of Terror against the Southern Hemisphere. And many of you in the West are successively pushed into poverty and misery by those 1% who can never get enough. You are spied on and no one knows when it´s your term to be blown to pieces by the drones of the Peace Nobel Price winner if you´re not obedient – even in the West!

Thus: Merry X-mas, but don´t fall asleep!

Andreas Schlüter



Let´s be frank, what is on the agenda for Africa on the side of the Western Power Elites is clearly to be seen. After the official end of colonialism only French troops were to be seen in Africa. Today by and large Western colonial troops or international troops directly or indirectly under Western control are back on the continent in numbers!  Likewise African puppets and their armed gangs are used to plunder and destabilize great parts of Africa, as for example happens with Congo where Kagame and Museveni after the Rwanda tragedy (1) let their troops loot and rape (2). The riches of Congo are exploited through slave labor organized by warlords, almost like Congo was plundered during Leopold´s “private” colonialism (3). Since Leopold II the Western activities have cost Congo between 15 and 20 millions of dead. Ethnic groups are armed by the West and played against each other like in the 19th century.

Direct Western military interventions have struck Ivory Coast, Libya and Mali. The new military race through Africa was started with the US Somalia adventure covered by “humanitarian” aims after a lot was done to destabilize the Horn of Africa. The US have their military colonial institution of US AFRICOM (4) located in Stuttgart (shame on Germany)! The aims of the decolonization time manifested in the formation of OAU (5) are forgotten respectively turned into their opposite (6).

But the war on Africa isn´t only waged by openly military means. A systematic crippling of all efforts to develop the continent by means of industrialization is to be found in the installation of the “free trade religion”. Every country boasting today of a highly developed industry has achieved that by means of protective customs. Africa has been barred of such measures and even its agriculture is more and more crippled by the forced imports of highly state supported agricultural imports from industrialized countries. The fishing grounds of West Africa as well as East Africa are swept empty by fishing fleets from the Northern Hemisphere. Fishermen can only survive either by transporting people fleeing the continent to Europe or by becoming Pirates!

All this could only have been “achieved” by eliminating or “neutralizing” the progressive personalities and movements who had a sound vision for true African independence, like Patrice Lumumba (7), Kwame Nkrumah (8)  Eduardo Mondlane (9), Samora Machel (10), Thomas Sankara (11) and last not least Muammar Gaddafi (12) as well as others. Many times compradors stepped in and installed western controlled puppet regimes. With the downfall of the East block all chances to maneuver against the Western economic and political power broke away. WTO (13) and IMF (14) are means of imperialism to keep Africa down. They forced extended privatization even of the most basic economic activities like water supply on many African societies.

Western media are part of that war. They permanently present a picture of “African barbarism” to blame the African societies for their miserable conditions. “50 years you´re independent but you´re not capable of managing your own affairs” are by and large their open or hidden slogans. Many times the West is trying to pull Africans to the international court where you´ll never see people like Clinton and Albright, mostly responsible for Rwanda´s and Congo´s tragedies (15) or Bush and Cheney with their terrorist wars! And sad, even a whole number of Africans fall into the trap of psychological manipulation – blaming the African continent itself for its miserable condition.

And many people try to escape from the Western produced hell, taking any chance to board on a boat that hardly meets any safety standards for the voyage over the open sea. Thousands got drowned already either on their trip from Senegal´s coast to the Canary Islands or from Tunisia, Libya or else to Italy, especially the small Island Lampedusa. If they prefer to go by land, to cross Sinai, they get into another hell for them, Israel (16). But Europe respectively the West – benefiting materially from the plunder of Africa – only accepts Africans (or refugees from Near East, as for that matter) if they arrive dead – then they´ll get a state burial (17). If you get there alive, you´ll be charged! All following the principle: only a dead refugee is a good refugee!

One might be astonished to hear these accusations from a (66 years old) “Child” of Germany, of Europe, of the West, but as much as I have unwillingly “enjoyed” the fruits of Western Imperialism,  having lived in a country with so much historical guilt, I have to stand up and shout: NOT IN MY NAME!

And I have to say one thing to my African friends: I can never advise how to free Africa, but one thing I´m sure of, Africa will never develop WITH the West, but only AGAINST the West, keep that in mind!

Andreas Schlüter

  1. this links doesn´t work anymore, see text below links















  16. /


  18. Text:

    The Hidden Story Behind Rwanda’s Tragedy

    By Christopher Black
  1. Editor’s Note: The Op-Ed is written by a Canadian attorney who represents a defendant before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in Arusha, Tanzania, on war crimes charges. The attorney offers a counter-view to the one-sided representation of the Rwanda narrative. Readers are encouraged to submit their comments and reactions.
    Rwanda before 1990 was considered the Switzerland of Africa, a model of social development.
    The result of the 1959 social revolution that deposed the Tutsi monarchy and aristocracy and freed the majority Hutu population from serfdom and a lifetime of humiliation was the establishment of a collective society in which both Hutus, and Tutsis as well as Twas lived together in relative harmony.
    Tutsis were members of the government, its administration, present in large numbers in the education system, the judiciary and controlled most of the large private commercial companies in Rwanda.
    The Rwandan army was a multiethnic army composed of both Hutus and Tutsis and it stayed a multiethnic force even when the Rwandan Army was forced by the invaders from Uganda to retreat into the Congo forest in July 1994 because it ran out of ammunition due to the Western embargo on arms and supplies.
    Rwanda descended into chaos in 1990 when the self-described Rwanda Patriotic Front (RPF) forces launched a surprise attack on October 1, 1990 from Uganda. In fact, every one of the men and officers of that invasion force were members of the Ugandan national Army.
    It was an invasion by Uganda disguised as an independent force of “liberation”. Liberation from what, has never been stated.
    Initially the justification put out by the RPF was that of attaining the return of Tutsi “refugees” from Uganda to Rwanda. However, that problem had been resolved by an agreement between the RPF, Uganda, Rwanda, the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) and the OAU a few weeks earlier. The Rwandan government had agreed to the return of all those Tutsis in Uganda who wanted to return to Rwanda.
    That accord required that Tutsi representatives of the refugees travel to Kigali for a meeting to determine the mechanics of that population movement, and how to accommodate all those people in a small country. They were expected at the end of September 1990. They never arrived.
    Instead of civilians returning in peace, Rwanda was viciously attacked on October 1, 1990 by a force that unleashed unbridled savagery. During that invasion the RPF forces of the Ugandan Army slaughtered everyone in their path, Hutu or Tutsi. Tens of thousands of innocent civilians, the majority Hutu, were butchered. These crimes have never been accounted for.
    The RPF’s favorite method was the bayonet or knife with which they disembowelled men and women or to tied their hands behind their backs and smashed their skulls with hoes, the farm tool iconic of the Hutu peasantry.
    After several weeks of intense fighting, the RPF forces were destroyed by the small Rwandan Army and the remnants fled, on US instructions, back into Uganda to regroup and reorganize.
    The RPF still never justified this aggression and the needless slaughter of civilians in a peaceful country. Individual Tutsis had always been allowed to return to Rwanda from the early 1960s and several times the Rwandan government invited them all to return. However the Tutsi aristocracy, jealous of its lost power and which viewed the Hutus as nothing but subhuman, refused to return unless their absolute power was restored. This the people of Rwanda, even the Tutsis who remained in the country, refused.
    In the 1960s and early 1970s various Tutsi groups in Uganda and elsewhere had organized terrorist raids into Rwanda in which they murdered without pity anyone they caught. These raids were repelled by Rwanda’s tiny armed forces. The years that followed were a period of development and peace for Rwandans. Even though one of the smallest and poorest countries in the world it had the best road system, healthcare, and education systems in Africa. Until the late 1980s it prospered and received help from both the socialist countries of the USSR, North Korea and China and West Germany, France and Israel and others.
    Some Tutsis in Uganda became involved in the civil wars there between the socialist Milton Obote and the US- and UK puppet Yoweri K. Museveni who was supported by the West to get rid of socialism in Uganda. By 1990 Tutsis composed a large section of the Ugandan Army and all the senior officers of the RPF were high officers in the Ugandan Army, the National Resistance Army. Paul Kagame himself was one of the highest-ranking officers in the intelligence services of the Ugandan army and was notorious for enjoying torturing prisoners.
    Rwanda until 1990 was a one party socialist state. The ruling party the National Movement For revolutionary Development (MRND) was not considered a party as such but rather a social movement in which everyone in society took part through local elections and the mechanism of consensus much like the system in Cuba.
    The fall of the Soviet Union led to pressure from the West, notably the United States and France to dismantle the one party state system and permit multiparty democracy.
    The President, Juvenal Habyarimana, instead of resisting, agreed to a change in the constitution and in 1991 Rwanda became a multiparty democracy. The fact the Rwandan government did this in the middle of a war is more than remarkable. It was also an offer of peace. The RPF, since its abject failure in 1990, had changed its strategy from a frontal assault to the tactics of terrorism.
    The RPF likes to refer to this phase as the guerrilla. However, it was not the guerrilla of a liberation struggle like the FLMN in Vietnam or the FARC in Colombia. It was instead a mirror image of the Contras campaign of terrorism conducted against the Sandinistas in Nicaragua. Its purpose was not to make revolution. Its purpose was to overthrow the 1959 revolution. And, like the contras, the RPF was supported by the United States.
    This was clear from the beginning of the war.
    When the RPF launched their attack, President Juvenal Habyarimana was in Washington, lured out of the way, by the State Department. The evidence that the US was aware of and supported the October surprise attack was the US Administration’s offer to Habyarimana of asylum in the United States if he surrendered power to the RPF.
    Habyarimana refused and immediately flew back home. There was no condemnation of the Ugandan-RPF aggression by the United States, a matter which France raised at the United Nations, or any of its allies despite the big noise they made at the same time about the advance of Iraqi forces into Kuwait. Further, the Rwanda ambassador to the UN, then on the Security Council, filed a protest in the Security Council but the US had it taken off the agenda.
    In fact the US and its allies supported the aggression against Rwanda from the beginning and US Special Forces operated with the RPF from the beginning. Recently, while former president Bill Clinton was in Toronto, he denied any involvement in Rwanda–this is one of the big lies of the century. Clinton and George W. Bush are up to their necks in the blood of the Rwandan and Congolese people.
    With the arrival of multiparty democracy in 1991, the RPF took full advantage and created several front parties to take away support from the popular MRND. These parties though claiming to represent different political views in fact were, in the main front parties for the RPF.
    The press was expanded and many of the new papers were financed by and acted as mouthpieces for the RPF. At the same time as these parties sprang up, criticizing the government, the RPF continued its terror campaign: planting mines on roads that killed Hutu and Tutsi alike; assassinating politicians and officials; and, blaming it, with the help of various NGOs funded by western intelligence agencies, on the government.
    In 1992 a coalition government was formed with the RPF or its front parties seizing control of key ministries and appointing the prime minister. Through these agents they also controlled the civilian intelligence services that they then began to dismantle. The RPF engaged in a “talk and fight” strategy. Always agreeing to a ceasefire, pressing for more power, then launching new attacks on civilians. The most egregious was their breaking of the ceasefire and their major offensive in February 1993 in which they seized the major town of Ruhengeri in the process murdering 40,000 civilians most of them Hutu.
    The Rwandan Army, even though hamstrung by the civilian ministries that were controlled by the RPF, managed to drive the RPF back. Finally in August 1993 the Arusha Accords were signed under pressure from the United States and its allies in which the RPF obtained major concessions in return to the formation of a broad-based transition government to be followed by general elections.
    However, they knew they could not win such elections as the RPF was not only unpopular with the majority Hutu population it did not even enjoy the support of many internal Tutsis whose lives and businesses had been destroyed by the war they did not see a need for.
    Instead of preparing for elections the RPF prepared for their final offensive. As far back as December 1993, UN reports document the massive build-up of men and weapons coming in from Uganda. The UN force that was deployed supposedly to ensure a peaceful transition; in fact, it was a cover for the US and its allies to assist in this build up.
    General Roméo Dallaire, the Canadian general in charge of the UN force hid this build up from the Rwandan army and the President. The build-up was accompanied by death threats against the president.
    According to an account of Habyarimana’s last conversation with president Mobutu Sese Seko of what was then Zaire, just two days before he was murdered, Assistant U.S. Secretary of State for African Affairs Herman Cohen had, in October 1993, told Habyarimana, that unless he ceded all power to the RPF they were going to kill him and drag his body through the streets.
    These threats were punctuated by the murder of the first Hutu president of neighboring Burundi, Melchior Ndadaye, by Tutsi officers in October 1993 in which Kagame and the RPF also had a hand; the officers who committed the murder, including Lieutenant Paul Kamana, later fled to Uganda. Ndadaye was in office a mere four months, having won the country’s first free elections. In the aftermath of that murder 250,000 Hutus were massacred by the Tutsi army of Burundi and hundreds of thousands of Hutus fled to Rwanda.
    The result of the 1993 offensive was that one million Hutus fled the terror of the RPF in northern Rwanda towards the capital, Kigali, so that by April 1994 over a million refugees were encamped close to the capital and hundreds thousands more in camps in the south all fleeing RPF terror.
    The RPF did all it could in 1994 to paralyse the functioning of the government, to exacerbate racial tensions, and prepare for war.
    Then on April 6, 1994 they launched their final surprise attack by shooting down the presidential plane returning from a meeting in Tanzania that Uganda’s Museveni had arranged. In fact it is known that Museveni’s half-brother general Salim Saleh was at the final meeting at which the date for the shoot down was agreed.
    The missile attack killed Habyarimana, as well as Burundi’s new Hutu president Cyprien Ntayamire, and Rwanda’s military chief of staff, and others on board. This was the first massacre of 1994 and it was a massacre of Hutus by the RPF.
    The RPF then immediately launched attacks across Kigali and the north of the country. In the sector of Kigali known as Remera they killed everyone on the night of the 6th and the 7th, wiped out the Gendarme camp there, wiped out the military police camp at Kami and launched a major attack against Camp Kanombe, Camp Kigali and the main gendarme camp at Kacyriu.
    The Rwandan government and army called for a ceasefire the same night and next day. The RPF rejected the call. The Rwandan government asked for more UN help to control the situation. Instead, the US arranged that the main UN force be pulled out while flying in men and supplies to the RPF using C130 Hercules aircraft.
    The Rwandan Army, short of ammunition and unable to contain the RPF advances even offered an unconditional surrender on April 12th. The RPF rejected even this offer and instead shelled the Nyacyonga refugee camp where the one million Hutu refugees were located provoking their flight into the capital.
    The effect of one million people flooding into a small city that itself was under bombardment cannot be described. The RPF used this flood of people to infiltrate its men behind army lines. This created panic among the Hutu population that began killing anyone they did not recognize. It was clear that the RPF was not interested in saving lives, even Tutsis, but in seizing total power and did not want to negotiate at all.
    The late Dr. Alison Des Forges, the American who was considered a noted scholar on Rwanda, in her testimony in the Military II trial at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) in 2006 testified that the RPF claim that they attacked to stop a “genocide” was a myth; just propaganda to justify their attempt to seize power by force of arms.
    She also testified that the Rwandan government did not plan and execute genocide. This accords with the testimony of General Dallaire who also confirmed an earlier statement that there was no planned genocide by the government as did the deputy head of Belgian Army intelligence, Col. Vincent, who also testified at the ICTR that the idea of a genocide was a fantasy.
    The fighting in Kigali was intense. UN officers –confirming what has been said by Rwandan and RPF officers who have testified— state that the RPF was launching hundreds of Katyusha rockets every hour round the clock while the Rwandan Army ran out of hand grenades in the first few days and was reduced to fighting the RPF with hand made explosives.
    The vaunted RPF could not take Kigali. The siege of Kigali lasted three months and only ended when the Rwandan Army literally ran out of ammunition and ordered a general retreat into the Congo forest.
    RPF officers have stated that the RPF killed up to two million Hutus in those 12 weeks in a deliberate campaign to eliminate the Hutu population. The Akagera River, the length of which was under RPF control throughout, ran red with the blood of the Hutus massacred on its banks.
    The RPF claimed these were Tutsis but there were no Tutsis in that area and only the RPF had access to that area. Robert Gersony, of USAID in a report to the UNHCR in October 1994, filed as an exhibit at the ICTR, stated that the RFP carried out a systematic and planned massacre of the Hutu population. Please see
    As the Rwandan Army, including Tutsi officers within that army and men retreated into the Congo forest, the Hutu population, in fear for their lives fled with them in their millions. In local villages, Hutu neighbours attacked Tutsis in revenge for the murder of Hutus or fearing death at their hands. Tutsis also attacked Hutus. It was total war just as the RPF wished. The RPF later pursued the Hutus through the Congo forest between 1996 to 1998 and killed hundreds of thousands and possibly millions. They were shelled, machine gunned, raped, cut to pieces with knives. Accounts of that trek are difficult to bear.
    The RPF was assisted in its offensive by the United States. The UN Rwanda Emergency office in Nairobi was in fact manned by US Army officers and acted as the operational headquarters of the RPF and gave them intelligence on Rwandan Army movements and actions and directions.
    Prudence Bushnell the U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs telephoned the Rwandan Army chief of staff in May 1994 and told him that unless he surrendered he must know that he was fighting the United States of America and would be defeated. US Special Forces fought with the RPF. There is also evidence that Belgian forces of the UN were involved as an intercepted radio message from Kagame to his forces in the field refers to the help they had received from the Belgians.
    There is also evidence that Canadian forces were also involved and Atoine Nyetera a Tutsi prince, who was in Kigali in that period testified for the defense in the Military II trial and stated that not only were there no massacres committed against Tutsis by the Rwandan Army but that it was the RPF that began the massacres after they took Kigali and began killing Hutus.
    Nyetera testified that despite the claim by the RPF of being a Tutsi liberation group, when he saw their long columns enter the capital he saw that most of them were Sudanese, Eritreans, Ethiopians, Tanzanians and others speaking Swahili or Sudanese languages, in other words, mercenaries.
    Several RPF officers have testified at the ICTR and stated that they fled the Kagame regime as they had been promised that they fought for liberation of the Tutsis. However, when they wanted to take over the streets of Kigali to stop reprisals against Tutsis by Hutu civilians the junior officers were forbidden to do so, putting the lie to Kagame’s claim that he attacked to save Tutsis.
    These officers testified that Kagame wanted deaths to justify his war. The RPF could have controlled large parts of Kigali as they had at least 15,000 men in or near the capital opposed to 5,000 Rwandan Army forces. Instead Kagame used his men to ethnically cleanse the rest of the country of the Hutu population.
    The Rwanda War was a total war. All means were used to destroy that country and the Hutu people. The ultimate objective, the resources of the Congo. The US agreed to support the RPF in return for the RPF acting as a US proxy force to invade the Congo and seize its resources.
    The US now has several military bases in Rwanda and the country is nothing more than a US and UK colony run by thugs who keep control of the majority of the people by intimidation, murder and disinformation.
    None of this could have happened if those in the UN such as Kofi Anan, then in charge of the Department of peacekeeping operations, had done his job. None of this could have happened without the connivance of the NATO countries and Uganda, from where the invasion was launched.
    Ultimately, the prime responsibility rests with the United States of America and in particular the regimes of Bill Clinton and George W. Bush and now President Barack Obama. As Boutros Boutros-Ghali, then UN Secretary General, stated to Canadian historian Robin Philpot in 2004: “The United States is one hundred percent responsible for what happened in Rwanda.”
    Toronto-based Christopher Black is a Barrister and International Criminal Lawyer. He is Lead Counsel, General Augustin Ndindiliyimana, Chief of Staff, Rwandan Gendarmerie. International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda (ICTR).


Veröffentlicht: Juni 14, 2013 in Politik
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These people are responsible for millions of deads in Congo & Rwanda and/or for the continuation of the nightmare!

Either by perpetrating themselves or by supporting the perpetrators!

Diese Leute sind verantwortlich für Millionen Tote im Kongo und Ruanda und die Fortsetzung des Albtraums!

Entweder durch eigene Taten oder durch Unterstützung der Täter!

Still working on continuation of:

Hugo Chavez dead! I´m Asking a Question!

Veröffentlicht: März 5, 2013 in Politik
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Today Hugo Rafael Chávez Frías, leader of the Venezuelan People and their real liberation, who gave hope to millions of people especially in the Southern Hemisphere, died! It is from historical experience that a question comes to my mind: has “Big Brother”, the intelligence apparatus of the US Empire had a hand in it? Don´t call me mad! Those circles surely didn´t love Chavez more than they loved Lumumba! And those days they´ve sent Sidney Gottlieb, the CIA´s “Chemical Specialist”, “to solve the problem” ( which was then done in another way. The man surely isn´t active any more but definitely had his apprentices! Also many US attempts on Castro are proven.

And another question: wasn´t Arafat´s death to be investigated on again? Months ago material was taken, but no results yet!

Andreas Schlüter

Links to the topic:

the-heart-of-africa 001 (2)

There is a big tragedy going on in Africa! Almost all of Africa is affected but the biggest particular tragedy is affecting the Democratic Republic of the Congo (in the article furthermore referred to as “Congo”), emerging from the former Belgian Congo. When Western media are turning on it, they almost entirely portray this as the result of African barbarism. But it´s rather the result of globalized capitalist imperialist barbarism and the greed of the West as such and the US Power Elite in particular, transmitted by the US governments! A system is perpetuated designed to sacrifice a country in the heart of Africa to Western progress and mobility, and in the end to the mounting wealth of a few dozens of people destroying not only Africa but the world!

A necessary remark: a whole number of links are leading to Wikipedia about Congo. As much as reservation on the website is needed in general the links about Congo are mainly based on Adam Hochschild´s great book “King Leopold´s Ghost” and well founded. Also for simple facts on personalities I´ve included a whole number of links to that page, mostly for simple data. This work doesn´t claim to be  scientific in the pure sense, which would require even higher standards but is a political approach on a conflict still claiming millions of lives.

Well Organized African States

When Portuguese seafarers with their captain Diogo Cão reached Congo in 1482 there were well organized societies and states existing in that region, at the coast the Kingdom of Kongo, having absorbed the Kongo dia Nlaza, in the interior Luba Empire, the Kingdom of Lunda, Loango and the Anziku Kingdom. The Portuguese got into contact with the first, the Kingdom of Congo, and were impressed of the high organizational level of this state. They established diplomatic relations.

The Congo basin was inhabited at least since 90,000 years, as the Semliki harpoon shows. It was later on – around 4,000 years ago – mostly formed by the expansion of the Bantu language family, bringing along iron techniques and partly absorbing older groups respectively encircling them. Only in the North of Congo other language families are predominant. The development led to very wealthy and prosperous communities, of which a number formed into kingdoms as already mentioned.

By the time the only advantage the Portuguese had compared to the Congolese – the heritage of Mediterranean naval techniques and the reinvention of gunpowder –allowed them to exercise destructive influence, since they were the ones going and coming according to their own will. The king of Congo made the mistake to open arms too widely to them, getting baptized João I. His son, Afonso Mvemba a Nzinga, even went further and forced his own people to do away with their cults, thus becoming a “scholar” to the power which by and by destroyed his society by its expanding slave trade. The Portuguese basis in São Tomé contributed a lot to the ruin of this African state. In course of time Portugal itself lost more and more power to the Dutch and England, which was completely manifested in the 19th Century.

A Liar and a Greedy King


In the 19th Century Europe had become overall rich and powerful by the plunder of Africa, Asia and the Americas and organization of slave work there. The European countries penetrated deeper into the African hinterland and tried to share the cake completely. The Arabs were also penetrating brutally especially into East Africa. Since the advanced European colonial powers had abandoned slave trade by then – organizing colonial exploitation in Africa and exploitation of Africa´s children in the Americas with no need of transporting them – they liked to parade as “protectors of Africa against the Arabs”. This was many times combined with expeditions to explore the prey of their greed and masked by “Christian Mission” (seems not too different to today). One of those Christian explorers was David Livingstone, who was famous enough to thrill Western public when getting lost in Africa. This gave chance to prominence for a notorious swindler about his own life record who became famous by the adopted name of Henry Morton Stanley, when finding the lost Livingston. Quite a brutal and racist adventurer he deeply impressed Leopold II, King of the Belgians, of a country, just independent since 1830. Leopold was very eager to get himself a proper colony. His first glances went to Asia, but then turned to Africa, also since the British after disappointing experiences with their expedition to go Congo upwards showed little interest in the Congo basin. After having held a geographic conference in Brussels, he installed a society, the International African Association, pretending scientific, humanitarian and Christian motivations, especially the desire to fight the Arab slave trade that had reached Eastern Congo region and to expel still active Portuguese slavers as well. By the time he managed to become the association´s head. He got Stanley into his service and equipped him heavily (also with military materials) for an expedition in order to grab as much land as possible by cheating and bribing local authorities. Stanley did “his job” with great brutality and established a whole number of military posts. At that time the main target was the ivory, being a precious and needed stuff for arts, billiard balls, piano keys, Scottish bagpipes, artificial teeth and many more things before plastics was invented.

Working for the Prey

“I do not want to risk…losing a fine chance to secure for ourselves a slice of this magnificent African cake”, said Leopold to one of his aides.

After the association had crumbled, he built the Comité d’Études du Haut Congo with a number of businessmen. After that the International Congo Association was formed. Systematically Leopold bluffed the public, played a “genius” political and financial game. He charmed the British, who were a bit afraid of French expansion from north of the Congo, were Pierre de Brazza had gained them some land. He played with the US, giving ideas of “free trade”, especially with Henry Shelton Sanford, who, at Leopold’s request, won US President Chester A. Arthur for the idea. The US support as well as Portugal´s fears to lose more weight in and finally the German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck organized the terrible “Berlin Conference”, where the issue of Congo and other “border problems” in Africa of Countries far away from Africa were “solved”. For Leopold a big piece of “cake” resulted, which got an Orwellian name:

“Congo Free State”, a State For People Anything Else But Free

A story of martyrdom started which has not at all ended yet. This was the more the case since another product gained importance: rubber! First known from the Americas, after vulcanization was invented it became overall important not only for textiles but as isolation and especially for tires and thus for Western mobility! Companies were founded, dividing the country:

An orgy of violence and exploitation started together with violence to crush remaining independent societies and remaining kingdoms, the last piece to be gained against British wishes pushed by the Stairs Expedition was Katanga in the South, where more resources were “waiting” for plunder, like copper. A colonial army was formed by partly forced partly bribed locals under white officers: Force Publique, usually they were deployed far from their own places. They were drilled to extreme brutality, equipped with machine guns, no resistance against them could be successful. In 1914 their number had reached more than 17,000 men. They were also called in for pressuring rubber out of the country. People were forced to collect rubber. To make them work harder, the wives of village authorities and others were taken hostages, many time raped and abused in other ways. When protest and uprising came up, whole villages were slaughtered. People were thus also kept from working in agriculture which led to starvation. Sleeping disease and yellow fever were common among the exhausted population.


The chicotte, a terrible whip was dancing like a devil. But there were also officers of the KZ type. One official had the trees around his house cut so that he could better shoot at bypassing Africans. When “punishments” for people and villages were ordered and people had to be shot in numbers, the right hands of the victims were cut to show the “success”. To save ammunition for hunting hands of living people were cut off. In fact, all colonial regimes were of extreme brutality, especially also the Germans against East African upheavals, protests in Cameroon and to the excess in German South West Africa with the Herero and Namaqua Genocide but brutality under Leopold even exceeded that at least in “normal situations”.

 One of the best descriptions of the situation is given by Adam Hochschild in his book “King Leopold’s Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa” (1998; new edition, 2006). He estimates that Leopold´s terror regime took the lives of up to ten million Congolese. Other estimates vary from five to twenty million. He also gives an impressive picture of those people who took up the public protest in Western societies. Among were two outstanding African Americans, George Washington Williams and William Henry Sheppard and a Nigerian, Hezekiah Andrew Shanu ( who was even driven into suicide (1)), all three of them contributing a lot to document the brutality of the murderous regime. Also prominent among the protestors was Mark Twain with his book “King Leopold’s Soliloquy”. The most successful protestor was E. D. Morel, by the time sided by Arthur Conan Doyle and the British diplomat Roger Casement (in his report as a British Consul, a depopulation of 10 million in Congo was estimated (2)), who had an otherwise tragic fate later on. Much of campaigning work was done within the Congo Reform Association. The international pressure amounted to some sort of storm and finally reached a change – of rule – based also on actions to be seen from well established standards as genocide (3).




A “Bit More” than the “Normal” Brutality of Colonialism

On 18 October 1908 the Social Catholics and the Labor Party achieved the transfer of the colony from Leopold to the Belgian State and made the former Congo Free State Belgian Congo. The Legislation was with the Belgian parliament, the executive force with the Minister for Colonial Affairs. Officially forced labor was ended, but not in reality. Taxation forced people to work for low wages to be able to pay the taxes (1), peasants were forced to plant certain products, companies were allowed to exercise physical force on employees and force communities to provide “able workers” and so on (2). Though the collecting of wild rubber was gradually substituted by plantation raising rubber, the rubber regime turned high during the wars with the strategic need for rubber. An enormous part of the country was taken from its inhabitants and converted into “state owned” land (3) thus giving it to the use of companies for plantation and mining activities. Plantations led to a rise in the production of Palm oil (2,500 t in 1914, 9,000 t in 1921, 230,000 t in 1957) and Cotton (23,000 t in 1932, 127,000 t in 1939). After World War One Rwanda-Urundi was taken from German East Africa and given to Belgian administration thus uniting it with the Belgian Congo. Workers were coming from there especially to the mines. In education the Belgians were also more restrictive than other colonial powers and allowed higher education only for religious personnel (4). Until 1954 no African was allowed in any top job, may it be administrative, political, military, or company wise (see 3).


Mining became of enormous importance. Especially Union Minière du Haut Katanga owned by Société Générale de Belgique was playing a big (and bad) role. Besides Copper also Cobalt (world´s largest deposits), Diamonds, tin, radium and Gold are overall important. 1920 the Belgian Congo became the world´s largest copper producer. Already 1913 uranium which was then used for coloring ceramics was discovered in Katanga and mined in Shinkolobwe. A lot of it got to the US also shortly before WW II. Thus most of the uranium used for the atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was from Congo. And it was brought to the US already before the start of WW II. But Congo´s contribution to WW II was more than uranium. After the Nazis overrun Belgium Congo´s administration declared loyal to the exile government in London. Congolese were made soldiers – many times forcefully which is often not mentioned (5).






From War to Cold War

WW II increased the pressure on the vast majority of the Congolese population through the war, the contributions mystified by Belgian propagandists in favor of their colonial regime as seen in an example (1). The economy got an enormous push and industrialization flourished, making Congo the second industrialized country in Africa after South Africa, but not so much to the advantage of the Congolese people. So despite the fact that all political activities were forbidden and the attempt to calm individuals down by the status of évolués (or even get the so called “immatriculation”, showing officially their adaption to colonial culture) for skilled Congolese in the colonial apparatus many forms of resistance sprung up from time to time always met with extreme brutality. But the banning of political activities crippled the political development in as far only cultural associations were allowed which led to covered political activities mostly based on ethnic grounds like the Association des Bakongo (ABAKO, led by Joseph Kasa-Vubu), Liboke lya Bangala and Fédékaléo. This crippling of the political process and its „ethnification“ was quite an intended burden to the further development which should not be underrated.

By that time the Power Elite of the US having become the overall leading force in the world saw everything done to lead to a participation of people in their own country´s wealth as “communism” or better to say portrayed it as such. Producing an “anticolonial” rhetoric they never the less opposed real decolonization a lot, and Congo was in their focus as shown by the later incidents, so CIA activities were surely going on since quite a time. This big heap of resources wouldn´t be left for anyone else then the West, least for the Congolese. But Belgium had subscribed to article 73 of the United Nations Charter advocating self determination. The bogus “Thirty Year Plan” from the side of the Belgians concerning a “Congolese Independence” resulted and was an obvious swindle and widely rejected, not being able to stop especially workers´ protests.

In 1958 Patrice Lumumba together with Cyrille Adoula and Joseph Ileo founded Mouvement National Congolais (MNC) to have a movement striving for independence not based on ethnic principles. It was later split by Albert Kalonji. After ABAKO, which also demanded independence, was banned, in January 1959 upheavals came up in the lower Congo and Léopoldville leaving 34 Africans killed by the Belgians. After Lumumba was arrested, 24 protesting people were killed in Stanleyville in October. Ongoing protests made Belgium hold a Roundtable Conference in Brussels from 18–27 January 1960. Elections were to come on 22 May 1960, and independence would be reached on 30 June 1960.



Lumumba, the African Martyr

The results of the Belgian Congo general election, 1960 were producing the Lumumba´s MNC as the strongest party gaining 36 out of 137. He was elected Prime Minister, Kasa-Vubu became President. Now there were two Republics of Congo, the formerly French colonized Republic of Congo-Brazzaville and the Republic of Congo-Léopoldville. The conflict with the former colonizer (and the western world) showed itself already, when the poor and arrogant speech of King Baudouin I of Belgium praising Leopold II was met with a fierce speech of upright Lumumba, telling the king that a „regime of injustice, oppression and exploitation“ has ended. Lumumba who had worked his intellectual way from a small clerk to a journalist and able politician of enormous rhetoric power was not the person to whom the US and the Belgian mining companies would like to leave the Congo for real independence.

There were many obstacles to real independence installed. Not only that financial affairs were still in the hands of the Belgians, also the military, the Force Publique, being gendarmerie at the same time, was under Belgian control. It almost appears certain that an intended provocation led to chaos. On 5th July 1960, its commander, Lieutenant General Émile Janssens, provocatively wrote on a blackboard: „After independence = before independence”. His accompanying words stirred the Congolese soldiers up to a mutiny which frightened the Belgians in the country and gave Belgian troops the “reason” to invade Congo. The understandable reaction was to “Africanize” the troops and promote all men one rank and rename it Armée Nationale Congolaise. Unfortunately this gave growing influence to Joseph-Désiré Mobutu, a man of whom one must believe that he was already having contacts to US secret service circles. That applies obviously also to President Kasa-Vubu of whom William Blum writes in “Killing Hope” (1) that he belonged to the recipients of the CIA (Blum 2004: 158).

On the 11th of July 1960 Moise Tshombe, leader of the local CONAKAT party and very “close” to the Belgians, declared the province of Katanga to be independent as “State of Katanga”. He did so with the support of 6000 Belgian troops plus a whole lot of Western mercenaries, also from South Africa’s Apartheid government, also based on his Katanga Gendarmerie. Also an Irish South Africa linked rightist, Mike Hoare, came in. This all brought the Congolese government into a catastrophic situation, “well” orchestrated, though Tshombe´s gangs never were in full control of Katanga. Lumumba had to call in the UN to restore stability. On basis of the Security Council´s Resolution 145 on 22nd of July the next day UN troops arrived. Resolution 146 from 9th of August complicated the situation since it didn´t enable the troops to bring down the revolt. On the 8th of August moreover the important mining province of South Kasai had also declared “independence” as Bakwanga under Albert Kalonji. Western secret services and the mining companies, especially the Union Minière had worked “well” to paralyze the situation. Also on the side of the US “a number of prominent administration officials had financial ties to the Katanga wealth” (Blum 2004: 157). Lumumba´s appeal for help to the US was discarded and he couldn´t but appeal to the USSR, which alarmed the US apparatus.

US President Eisenhower, inspired by the terrible CIA boss Allen Dulles, authorized Lumumba´s assassination. For this purpose Sidney Gottlieb, the CIA´s “Chemical Specialist”, was flown into Congo with some deadly substances (2) as described in detail (Weiner 2008: 226). In the end other ways were “found” to get rid of the visionary of African independence. Kasa-Vubu, who “sat at the feet of the CIA men” (3) came in and deposed Lumumba (Kwitny 1984: 62-63) though support for Lumumba was strong in the parliament. The prime minister hit back and deposed Kasa-Vubu on his side. The UN closed all Congolese airports, blocking supplies from the USSR and seized the radio station. Another man on CIA strings came in: Mobutu, who put Lumumba under house arrest. On the 14th of September, supported by the CIA, Mobutu seized power. After the dismissal of Lumumba his Vice Prime Minister Antoine Gizenga (who was shortly arrested but freed thanks to Ghanaian UN troops at order from Kwame Nkrumah) went to the eastern Stanleyville and with the help of troops loyal to Lumumba installed a rival government. Thus was the distribution of rivaling forces:


On the 27th of November Lumumba left house arrest and tried to make his way to Stanleyville where his supporters were. Most probably with the help of CIA Mobutu´s troops got hold of Lumumba, whom CIA and Belgian advisers wanted dead. Mobutu transferred him to Lumumba´s deadly enemy Tshombe in Katanga. There he was publicly humiliated and afterwards shot by a group under Belgian command. CIA agents unearthed the dead body again, were driving with the body in the trunk of their car (Blum 2004: 159), dismembered him and dissolved him in acid. Such was the terrible end of one of Africa´s great sons.

 “Dead, living, free, or in prison on the orders of the colonialists, it is not I who counts. It is the Congo, it is our people for whom independence has been transformed into a cage where we are regarded from the outside… History will one day have its say, but it will not be the history that Brussels, Paris, Washington, or the United Nations will teach, but that which they will teach in the countries emancipated from colonialism and its puppets… a history of glory and dignity.”

Lumumba, October 1960

1)      William Blum, Killing Hope, Monroe, Maine, 2004,

2)      Tim Weiner, „CIA, die ganze Geschichte“, Frankfurt/M 2008

3)      Jonathan Kwitny, „Endless Enemies: The Making of an Unfriendly World”, New York 1984

The War to establish Neocolonialism

As much as the disintegration of Congo was followed by the US when Lumumba was alive, it appears that now imperialism was working to get the prey as a whole again, but not without some twists and turns. The Security Council adopted the resolution 161 on the 21st February 1961 to prevent civil war including the use of force, which was interpreted (sure not without US consent) so that force could be used also to break Katanga secession. But that was only started after some rounds of negotiations. Mobutu wasn´t yet to stay. After some conferences (Tananarive, Coquilhatville) and Tshombe declaring consent to reunite Congo (which he didn´t really intend) Cyrille Adoula was elected new Prime Minister. The operation “Rumpunch” was started to get the mercenaries out of Katanga. When Belgians announced they would solve the problem, it came to a halt. But only the Belgian regular officers left, whereas the mercenaries either stayed or came back through the backdoor via Rhodesia. Another UN operation was started, “Morthor”, which started badly, the gendarmes being obviously warned.

Whether indicating a deep split in the US administration due to particular financial US interests and wide support for Tshombe in the the US congress, as Blum takes to be possible (Blum 2004: 159) or as an even more perfidious double strategy “US Air Force C-130s were flying Congolese troops and supplies against the Katangese rebels, while at the same time the CIA and its covert colleagues in the Pentagon were putting together an air armada of heavy transport aircraft, along with mercenary units, to aid the very same rebels”. Mysterious is also the death of UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjöld on his way to negotiate a ceasefire with Tshombe. His plane crashed on its way to Ndola, leaving him and 15 others dead. As wanting as Hammarskjöld´s performance to save an independent Congo during Lumumba´s life time is seen by many, he didn´t also „function“ completely to the taste of the US administration, speculations about an assassination are not unfounded. U Thant followed Hammarskjöld as UN Secretary General. In the operation “Unokat” the Katanga rebellion was more or less ended resulting in conferences for more than a year. At the end of 1961 also the South Kasai rebellion was ended. For some time Gizenga (after talks with Adoula) was at the same time vice Premier under Adoula and at the same time leader of the rival government in Stanleyville –which had the support of the Soviet Block, Cuba, the Algerian FLN, Egypt, Ghana, Guinea and Tanganyika. In January 1962 that phase ended with the defeat of the Stanleyville troops. 1963 the Katanga secession was ended with the UN campaign “Grand Slam” since the West saw no need any more for it to be separate.

Fierce Resistance coming up again

1964 in the East of Congo the „Simba“ („Lion“) upheaval started against the neocolonial regime, led by Pierre Mulele, Gaston Soumialot and Christophe Gbenye (formerly of Gizenga’s Parti Solidaire Africain (PSA). The anger about the sabotaged independence led to some fierce actions which were easily exploited by Western media, the more since their troops captured Stanleyville. The movement gained strong support by former Congo Brazzaville which had by then become “People´s Republic of Congo-Brazzaville” and adopted “Scientific Socialism”.

In July 1964 Tshombe had become Prime Minister of Congo. The three Western agents Kasa-Vubu, Tshombe and Mobutu were the trio to the West´s taste. They were not shy to bring in the “white devils” again, those racist mercenaries from Europe and Apartheid South Africa. Whereas those unscrupulous racists enjoyed some sort of adventurer status the Simba fighters were widely regarded as “Savages” by the Western media. The mercenaries partly came from throughout criminal circles and institutions such as the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales. They waged a real barbaric terror wave over the peasantry. They raged so terribly that the rebelling regime got support from Algeria, Egypt and Tanzania (Tanganyika by then united with Zanzibar). Also the USSR and China rendered some support, which was used by Western propaganda as excuse for their brutal actions. When confronted with throughout brutality of Western mercenaries the rebels took European hostages. As Noam Chomsky says, characterizing the cynical attitude of “power”: “Terror is always what the OTHERS do”, this was regarded as “terror” which “had to” be stopped by US and Belgian military, whereas the butchering of legions of civilians by the Western supported forces usually wasn´t mentioned. This operation “Dragon Rouge” crushed the anticolonial movement. Blum quotes a CIA operative on the white mercenaries: “bringing in our own animals” (Blum 2004: 161). But officially “American and Belgian officials took great pains to emphasize the purely “humanitarian” purpose of the mission” (Blum 2004: 162).

The short interplay of Che Guevara´s appearance April 1965 couldn´t prevent this end of the upheaval. He came accompanied by second-in-command Afro Cuban Victor Dreke and 12 other Cubans and was followed by soon by about 100 Afro Cuban fighters. Surely inspired by high ideals this step also bears some arrogance in as far they did not even speak local languages, leaving alone culture and more. It was a well meant revolutionary “export” but condemned to fail in face of the overall brutality of the enemy (the Western troops and the mercenaries on their side were also not familiar with the country, but their “job” was “only” terror!). This action of Che cannot be compared to the helpful intervention of Cuba later on in face the Apartheid South African aggression in Angola. So they had to leave on Cuban demand before the upheaval finally failed. But Che got an impression of one of his Congolese allies, Laurent Kabila, of whom Che wrote: „nothing leads me to believe he is the man of the hour“ (BBC News January 17, 2001). Interesting the fate of his young Congolese interpreter of that time, Freddy Ilanga, who followed Che to Cuba and became a brain surgeon (1).


The US finally Install “Their New Old Man” in Congo

“It was hard to convince people that we had provided the Congo with $420 million in aid since independence just to prevent chaos; they couldn´t believe any country could be that altruistic”.

William Atwood, US Ambassador to Kenya 1964-65 (Blum 2004: 162-163)

Blum explains well that any situation over which the US don´t have full control is “chaos” in the eyes of US power. But despite the fact that Tshombe was really at West´s strings the guy was “outworn” not only because the whole of Africa knew he was one of Lumumba´s murderers but his involvement into that war fought with the white “animal” mercenaries had further damaged their puppet´s reputation. And they had another “good fella”, Mobutu, who seized power in November 1965, deposing Tshombe and Kasa-Vubu. Tshombe, now being accused by the US´ “new man” of treason – which was a very ironical action by Mobutu obviously designed to put himself into distance of Lumumba´s murder – fled to Franco´s Spain, where he also had a stay already in 1963. This was most probably an action by fascist Franco regime in accordance with the US (Pambazuka, 1). “Tshombe enjoyed a bodyguard provided by several Spanish police agents, enjoyed the support provided by private citizens, some with high social and political positions and had the backing of the press (along with the ABC daily and Arriba, connected to these citizens)” (2). Nevertheless he was spied on by Franco´s secret service.

Tshombe almost disturbed the new round of US game since he inspired the “Gendarmes” plus their allied mercenaries to an upheaval in the former Stanleyville, now Kisangani, which failed. Obviously some rightists were not aware of what “Big Brother” had decided on. Actually no henchman of the US Empire should be sure of his former master´s loyalty. It seems most probable that what happened to Tshombe might have quite happened with US´ consent. “Ironically, neither the efforts of private Catholic fascism and nor the security of official Catholic fascism could prevent the small plane flying from Ibiza to Palma de Mallorca, where Tshombe was travelling escorted by two Spanish policemen, from being abducted, apparently the first aerial kidnapping occurring in Spain – by J. Francis Boden – apparently his friend, and then flown to Algeria where he was imprisoned and died in mysterious circumstances” is written on Pambazuka. This guy wouldn´t disturb Big Brothers new designs for Congo anymore! One day also Mobutu would find out that being their henchman doesn´t mean master´s lifelong friendship! But that would only be after a long time. Another “Kisangani Mutiny” took place after knowledge about Tshombe´s abduction was spread on 5th July 1967. Gendarmes and mercenaries under command of the Belgian Jean Schramme tried another attempt which last till November that year, when the gang fled to Rwanda.

The US had “now fixed in power, over a more or less unified Congo, a man who would be more cooperative with the CIA and its African adventurers with Western capital, and less accessible to the socialist block…” (Blum 2004: 162). That was true, and a real masquerade took place, showing the man as the creator of a pseudo “African Renaissance”, even forcing old people to do away with their life long Christian names, renaming Congo into “Zaire” with no real linguistic or historical foundation, selling the country to the West and putting the money into his own pocket. That masquerade was by the way copied by another sell out, Gnassingbé Eyadéma  of Togo.

“Under Mobutu, terror and repression became facts of daily life, civil liberties and other human rights were markedly absent. The country remains one of the poorest to be found anywhere despite its vast natural riches” (Blum 2004: 162). Mobutu was really a „fitting“ heir of Leopold II!



2)      See also

Andreas Schlüter

See also:

Rwanda, Half of the Truth is a Whole Lie: Twenty Years of Brazen Desinformation!

Link „King Leopold´s Ghost“:


In Western countries this is the time of holidays and good wishes. It is the time of middle class luxuries and excessive spending for presents many times more than one can afford. Not to be misunderstood, also in the West more and more people don´t know how to make “ends meet”, but true hell is in the Southern Hemisphere! OK, in the richest country on Earth, the US, and with its “small brother”, the UK, there are extended “pockets” of poverty and hopelessness. But if you want to see hell, turn the view on Congo (1), on West Papua – the western part of New Guinea, occupied by Indonesia (2), on many other Sub Saharan African countries additionally to Congo (3), on the Occupied territories of the Palestinians (4), turn an eye on Libya (5) and on Syria (6)! But don´t forget, the “South” is creeping upwards, as you can see in Greece (7) and more and more in Spain (8).

“Green Zones” and “Red Zones”

Instead of harvesting the “peace dividend” announced after the end of the “Cold War” and promised in UN´s aims for the “Millenium” you see wars, poverty and hopelessness spreading, whereas profits are exploding. The profits again are nourishing “bubbles” which every now and then exploding don´t kill the rich but the poor and the middle class! High times for arms traders and companies busy in the “Security Sector”. Disasters are not getting societies closer together but are playing grounds for more profits, just as so well described in Naomi Klein´s brilliant book “The Shock Doctrine” ( Globally there is more and more division between the places where “you can live” and where you can only survive (if you´re lucky). And in many countries this principle is continued.

Masters of Disasters

But who is responsible for most of the mass tragedies to be found in this “Modern World”? Who bombs “for Democracy”, who´s sponsoring and creating “Terrorists” to be used as alibi for more bombings, who understands “National Security” as the sole right to be almighty over all other nations? They are to be found in the sole “Empire” left, in the US! It´s not even the president of that country, it´s the country´s Power Elite, deciding behind the curtain, at times even at war among themselves (9), but doing all without the slightest democratic legitimation. To be clear, there are also dictators independent from the West, who are anything else but respectable, but the decision who´s publicly ousted to be a “second Hitler” is always directed by those in the US who are playing with luck, health, fate and life of many, many millions of people. And they have one principle:


They have with their Western (and at times Southern) henchmen turned Decolonization into deprivation, they have turned Democratization into dictatorship of Capital, they have turned emancipation into more sexual exploitation. Whatever they touch with their hands doesn´t become gold but pure shit which they get paid for as if it would be gold! And whenever there is the slightest attempt to let a bit more freedom grow they will trample it under ground, just killing hope (!

But to the Westerners it must be said: true hell being on the Southern Hemisphere now should not befuddle you! It shows the picture of what is in preparation for the majority of you Westerners as well! Politicians are to the Power Elite their monkeys, experts are their cattle, highly skilled people are their rabbits, the majority of mankind is their vegetable and the “surplus people” whom they cannot utilize are their weeds. You better understand in time!

So to all individuals I wish a Healthy and Happy New Year, but in general my wish is:


Andreas Schlüter



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