Also a continuation of:
On Monday 7th of April the commemorations on the „Genocide“ in Rwanda took place. Putting Genocide in quotation marks might give me the smell of a „denier“ of unspeakable human sufferings, but continuing to read this article with an open mind will drive that smell away.
Yes, twenty years ago something terrible happened in Rwanda and unspeakable crimes were perpetrated on hundred thousands of innocent people. But when people speak of the „Genocide“ in Rwanda they always mean genocide on the Tutsi! Yes, social divisions errupted into a monumental slaughter, not by itself but by an invasion and a terrorist shooting down of a plane! And additionally to 280,000 Tutsi victims there where about 750,000 Hutu victims to be mourned.
Like all continents Africa – the more as it is the cradle of Mankind – has its history of peoples migrations. Many regions saw a mixing but also superimpositions by very different ethnic entities and different economic systems, such is the case with the Central African Inter-Lake region, i. e. Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi. The oldest identifiable ethnicity are the Twa, a group of short statured hunters and gatherers. Since more than 3,000 years Bantu speaking agriculturists immigrated into the region, by and large constituting the Hutu. During the 14th Century cattle nomads came, the Tutsi, establishing feudal empires (Nomads being used to competition over water and grazing grounds were always nearer to the art of war and thus dominated often when confronted with agriculturists). Like the Twa they adopted the language of the Hutu. In case of mixed marriages the children belonged to the fatherly group. Feudalism grew even more repressive under colonialism. The Germans supplemented the division between the tall and more sharp nosed Tutsi on one side and the Hutu on the other side by a racist concept ascribing „racial superiority“ to the Tutsi, a concept which was taken over by the Belgians. Though the division had become more and more a social one instead of a physical one the racist concept pleased the onliving claim for power of the Tutsi aristocracy.
Decolonization: End of the Monarchy, „One Man, One Vote“
Under German and Belgian colonial rule the two Tutsi kingdoms Rwanda and Burundi were administered together as Ruanda-Urundi. In 1956 Ruanda gained Autonomy. In 1961 rising tensions forced a referendum whether Monarchy should last. This resulted in Ruanda gaining independence as a Republic in 1962 which ended the dominance of the Tutsi (13%). The loss of power frustrated the Tutsi nobility and made many leave the country and moving to Uganda.
Similar tensions grew higher in Burundi resulting in a massacre in 1972 on the Hutu majority leaving about 250,000 of them dead. Coups and assassinations accompanied the further conflicts. 1993 a Hutu, Melchior Ndadaye, was elected President but murdered in October by Tutsi soldiers. He was followed by Cyprien Ntaryamira who was elected by the Parliament. Nobody has called the mass killing of Hutu in Burundi in 1972 a genocide!
In Rwanda the Minister of Defence, Juvénal Habyarimana, seized power from his cousin Grégoire Kayibanda in 1973. The country regained some stability.
But the Tutsi aristocracy was making plans to restore its rule in Rwanda. Many of them had joined the Ugandan armed forces. They formed the „Rwandese Patriotic Front“ (RPF) in 1987. Decicive in this development was Paul Kagame, member of the Tutsi aristocracy and head of the Ugandan Secret Service. His final „polishing“ he got in the USA in the Command and Staff College in Fort Leavenworth:
To be rightfully called a US agent (http://www.whale.to/c/paul_kagame.html) he was part of a first attempt to invade and reestablish Tutsi reign in Rwanda by the RPF and Ugandan forces in 1990. Though leaving many people dead and spreading terror in the North of Rwanda and initiating streams of refugees they were thrown back by the Rwandan Forces (with French assistance, France wasn´t yet integrated in the US strategy and following its own interest). But a brutal guerilla warfare mostly against the rural Hutu people was continued by the RPF. The efforts to end the conflict resulted in the Arusha accords. There are tendencies to smear Habyarimana with having sabotaged it. The former German diplomat Helmut Strizek demonstrates in his book „Clinton am Kivu-See“ (http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/ipg/2011-3/13_rezensionen.pdf) how baseless those accusations are.
The Beheading of two States
It was the RPF resorting to bloody violence again and starting another invasion. This step was accompanied by the shooting down of the plane with the Rwandan President Habyarimana and the Burundian President Ntaryamira on the 6th of April 1994. There is plenty of evidence that this was done by the RPF with support from the US and the Ugandan president Museweni as Strizek and others show. The war of aggression waged by the RPF did not only cost many Hutu lifes but provoked also violence against many Tutsi being suspected of collaborating with the invaders. No doubt that terrible crimes were also committed on innocent Tutsi. But there is evidence that agent provocateurs of the RPF were pushing those atrocities. One should imagine a fascist white organization trying to reestablish Apartheid in South Africa. Surely the masses would run wild from fear.
Who were the victims?
But the majority of the victims were not Tutsi. After all Strizek and others estimate the relation of Tutsi victims to Hutu victims of 280,000 to about 750,000 (Strizek 2011, p. 148). But the RPF had a „trick“: they counted who ever they could as Tutsi, where this wasn´t possible the victims were counted as „moderate Hutu“ slaughtered by „Hutu extremists“.
From Genocide to Genocide
With the victory of the RPF in Rwanda the slaughter didn´t end at all. Many more Hutu were butchered. Hundred thousands of them had fled to those day Zaïre (now Democratic Republic of the Congo ). Congo had a terrible history of colonial murders and plunder (http://tinyurl.com/b5jown9). After having killed the visionary Lumumba they´d installed their puppet Mobutu Sese Seko who by the time run “out of order” and ruined the country so far that even the exploitation of its resources became difficult for the West. Portraying the refugees as a threat the RPF-Rwanda and Uganda invaded Zaire, the RPF installing Laurent-Désiré Kabila as the new head of Congo in 1997 in the socalled First Congo War. But Kabila remembered that he´s Congolese and demanded that foreign troups should leave the country and revised a number of agreements. Rwanda created a new rebel military movement called the Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie (RCD) to fight Kabila, Uganda formed a new rebel movement called the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC), headed by the Congolese warlord Jean-Pierre Bemba thus starting the Second Congo War. Angolan, Zimbabwean and Namibian military supported the central government of Kabila. Hundreds of thousands Hutu refugees were butchered by Rwandese forces. But the bulk of the victims were Congolese. In 2001 Laurent Kabila was assassinated under strange circumstances (http://tinyurl.com/kvgua3k). His son Joseph Kabila followed him and brought in direct “international” involvement, the MONUC, now known as MONUSCO, African armies exept the Rwandan had left the country by June 2003. Direct Western presence was established. How far elections in 2006 and 2011 (wich left Kabila in office) can rightfully be called true elections is questionable. Questionable is also whether the conservatives estimations of the up to 5,400,000 victims are “sufficient”. According to the International Rescue Commitee only up to 2004 up to 3,900,000 people died in Congo (http://tinyurl.com/l27e8jl) It appears realistic to number the victims until today to the extend of those having died under King Leopold II of Belgium, 8 to 10 million! This is a true Genocide on the Congolese people organized by the Kagame regime and its US backers!
Colonialism in Congo is Back!
Much of the situation in Congo reminds of China before its revolution, since no one can talk of a souvereign country. There is no perspective and security for its inhabitants. Western countries and local neighbours (in this case mostly acting on behalf of the West) are plundering the rich resources (Coltan for computers, copper, Uranium, Diamonds and Gold). Rwanda´s Kagame regime is using “rebel organizations” like the March 23 Movement headed by warlords to organize slave labor for the extraction and channeling the riches through its own country, creating a pseudo boom at the price of the destruction of Africa´s heart, the Congo!
Another misuse of the Holocaust
Since long Western politicians are misusing the unbelievable German crimes as a legitimation for more crimes. Israel´s racist and colonialist occupation policy claims to prevent another Holocaust, with massive backing especially by the US. And that worked to a certain extend since even some leftist movements are befuddled by such claims. Those forces did a lot to split anti-racist, anti-imperialist and anti-capitalist movements. Western mainstream media run high in propaganda and “rewriting” History, reducing Orwell´s “1984” almost into a good night story.
Whenever anti-imperialist movements were talking about Fascism in Western actions those forces were denouncing them as relativating Nazism. But no problem for Western politicians to equate unloved personalities of opposing states to Hitler, covering their wars of aggression as some sort of repetition of the Second World War. In fact the Rwanda “Genocide” was the “Masterpiece” of the US Power Elite. They pushed the powerthirsty Tutsi aristocracy to a war of aggression, leading to about a million dead people, claimed it to be the attempted genocide on the Tutsi and declared Kagame and his military bandits of the RPF to be the saints saving the Tutsi within Rwanda (for whom in reality they didn´t care at all).
The next step was to declare the Tutsi the “Jews of Africa”, a comparison so far from historical reality that one would have to laugh if the case wouldn´t be that sad! Some French “Revisionists” even went so far as to dubb the Hutu forces trying to resist the RPF invasion to be part of a “Nazisme Tropical” (Jean-Pierre Chrètien in Libération on 26th April 1994). A ready made plan of the Habyarimana government to extinct the whole Tutsi population was constructed by Western ideologists. Germans might have felt strange relief, “we´re not the only ones”, Westerners in general were attracted by old colonial stereotypes: those African barbarians have to be saved from their savage emotions, the white man has to save Africa from itself! Also the onliving racist concepts of the “noble Tutsi” might have done their part, not to forget Hollywood productions like “Hotel Rwanda “. But many times the polititians found more tactful expressions, “the international community”, those clinging to “Western values” have to do the job (of savin Africa)! And the bourgeois concept about Fascism was revived, portraying Fascism not as a means of capitalist policy under pressure in order to disciplin the workers, but claiming it to be a tendency of the dump masses, envying the wealthy people and getting hysterical.
For those who wanted to see, it became soon clear, the Conglese resources were the aim. But having established the concept of the African Holocaust, the Tutsi turned into the Jews of Africa, thus turning Kagame´s RPF-Rwanda into Africa´s Israel, who would dare to contradict in the World´s diplomatic discussions?!
Mourning the Dead
Indeed mankind has to mourn about a million of dead people in Rwanda, many of them innocent Tutsi. But we shouldn´t allow political gangsters to misuse the innocent Tutsi victims to cover the majority of the the Hutu victims and also not allow them to be misused to cover 8 to 10 million dead Congolese! We should mourn the victims of the Congolese Genocide as well. And the evil doers are Clinton, Albright, Museveni and last not least Kagame and their RPF gangs!
Kagame and his entourage are the products of US Power Elite´s socalled “Soft Power Fraction” (http://tinyurl.com/bne6lnr) and their executive force, the Clinton administration of those days. He is clever enough to remeber Mobutu´s fate and to know that US agents are not safe forever. Having committed so many crimes which can not all be hidden forever from world public he´s preparing to build a “life boat” just building and strenghening ties also to the Neocons via AIPAC (http://tinyurl.com/lhocot3).
Charles Onana on the Shooting down of the plane: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xuZQsGPWAuU&feature=youtu.be
Rwanda, the untold story: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c0LFbUZcO5I
Interview Ann Garrison: https://soundcloud.com/ann-garrison/flashpoints-rwanda-conscripts
Ruanda & Burundi, Dr. Helmut Strizek: http://www.german-foreign-policy.com/en/fulltext/56005
Burundi & Rwanda: http://www.pambazuka.net/en/category.php/features/96160